Architecture (80)Conservation (28)Community (26)design (24)Landscape (21)Social (21)Heritage (19)Interior (17)Teaching (17)Historic (16)
Edinburgh Printmakers, Castle Mill Works Redevelopment

Edinburgh Printmakers, Castle Mill Works Redevelopment

Key Facts


Edinburgh Printmakers


Fountainbridge, Edinburgh



Internal Floor Area



December 2018

Re-purposing our industrial heritage for contemporary artistic production.

Project Info

The Edinburgh Printmakers creative hub is located within the former headquarters of the North British Rubber Company (NBRC). Our project involved the redevelopment of this derelict building into a multi-use arts complex centred around printmaking production.

Central to the architectural concept was to make precise interventions to facilitate new use while respecting the character and story of the existing building.

The NBRC building is the only surviving structure from the once important nineteenth century Castle Mills industrial complex. During the First World War, over one million pairs of rubber boots were made for the army at Castle Mills.

The Printmakers’ brief included provision of two galleries, a shop, a café/bar, education space, staff offices, archives, eight creative industries units and a large print studio.

New architectural elements are light of touch and stem from an understanding of the heritage. The bold new entrance onto Dundee Street provides a public face for Edinburgh Printmakers, offering views from the street directly into the galleries, reception and shop.

The new extension to the rear subtly shifts the heart of the building to create a central courtyard around which all building users can meet and interact. The print studio sits at first floor in the triple-height former fitting and turning workshop. Our approach was not to whitewash the many stories of this space, but instead to allow a new layer of occupation that adds to its ongoing narrative.

Arts & Culture

The Edinburgh Printmakers developed an exciting, dynamic and ambitious brief for their new Creative Hub. They were keen to capture all the characteristics of their very successful existing facility at Union Street, but also expand their business to develop a more inclusive facility for both the production and display of art. The new accommodation includes a large printmaking studio – 50% larger than their current facility – with associated dark room, digital printing room, etc., two high quality gallery spaces, a Deli Wine Bar, an Education room, various archive and storage rooms, staff accommodation as well as a series of rentable Creative Industry Studio spaces.

Shared spaces for creative industry practitioners from the fields of design, contemporary craft, fine art, performance and other related arts fields to work collectively are increasingly popular, as people see the benefits and great value in collaborating and sharing resources. The Edinburgh Printmakers Creative Hub proposal includes eight Creative Industry Studios, along with an Artist in Residence Flat, which provide rentable space for a diverse range of tenants across the creative industries.

  • We worked closely with the Printmakers to:
    Understand the functional needs and specific technical requirements of each space to ensure this is achieved in the final building.
  • Understand their business plan, particularly the provision of Creative Industry spaces, and develop a rentable studio type flexible enough to accommodate a variety of future clients.
  • Develop an industrial aesthetic for the new interventions to ensure the character and quality of the existing building is not lost through redevelopment.
  • Develop an accessibility strategy for this complex existing building with many different floor levels to ensure all areas are fully accessible to people with varying abilities.

A key part of the project involves the commissioning of five new permanent artworks. We have worked closely with the Printmakers and their selected artists to facilitate the coordination and integration of these works into the construction process.

Heritage & Conservation

Heritage & Conservation

The North British Rubber Company (NBRC) Office Building is the only surviving element of a once large and important 19th century industrial complex in Edinburgh which was internationally renowned at the height of its industrial output, exporting products around the world. Its most significant contributions to industry include the production of both the vulcanised tyres in 1875 and the invention of detachable pneumatic tyres in 1890, the forerunner of modern tyres. The company was also highly significant for producing high quality rubber boots for World War One and various rubber based products for combat in the Second World War. At its height, it was the largest industrial site in Edinburgh, occupying over 20 acres and employing over 3,000 people.

The NBRC Office Building is Category C listed and has particular value in relation to the historic industrial and social heritage of the area. The building is also a rare example in the area of a building of 19th century polychrome brickwork and it retains some original detailing to the interior dating to 1916.

Our proposal for redevelopment prioritises the importance of preserving the historic fabric as well as the industrial character. New interventions are light of touch, responding to and celebrating the existing cast iron and timber structure, carefully cleaning and repairing the unique existing polychromatic brickwork and fully refurbishing the original timber sash and case windows.

Aerial View
Aerial View
Briefing & Interiors

Interior Design

The interior design for the project focused particularly on the development of the new Reception/Shop area which was led by our in-house interiors team.

We carried out a detailed analysis of the client’s existing shop facility, reviewing and analysing the operational requirements of the existing reception and shop, whilst being mindful of the Edinburgh Printmaker’s aspirations moving forward. Through looking at three identified visitor roles – exhibition visitor, shop visitor and commercial buyer – we mapped out flow diagrams for each scenario to help understand how EP operate and how the purchasing process for each visitor functions. Following on from this, we developed a bespoke interior solution for the reception and shop area incorporating print browsers, a curatable display wall, display shelving and a multi-functional reception desk/till point to create the high quality, shopping experience desired.



Project Manager: Gardiner & Theobald
Structural Engineer: Will Rudd Davidson
M&E Engineer: Harley Haddow LLP
Fire Engineer: Atelier 10
Acoustic Consultant: New Acoustics
Cost Consultant: Doig & Smith
CDM Co-ordinator: Doig & Smith
Contractor: Interserve Construction Ltd.